Sauna Detoxification Study

The primary goal of this study is to conduct a methodologically rigorous investigation of a hyperthermia-based, medically monitored, detoxification protocol in order to assess the impact of sauna use on potential reductions in blood polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) concentrations.

Daily intake of multivitamins during long-term intake of olestra in men prevents declines in serum vitamins A and E but not carotenoids

The objective of this study was to determine whether vitamin supplementation during long-term (36 wk) ingestion of olestra supplemented with vitamin E could prevent decreases in vitamin E, vitamin A, and carotenoids. This was a 36-wk study of 37 healthy males randomly assigned to consume a control diet composed of 33% energy from fat, a similar diet in which one third of the energy from fat had been replaced with olestra, or a fat-reduced (25% of energy from fat) diet. Subjects also ingested a daily multivitamin (Centrum).

Comparison of the acute response to meals enriched with cis- or trans-fatty acids on glucose and lipids in overweight individuals with differing FABP2 genotypes

Trans-fatty acids have been implicated as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. In addition, a polymorphism at codon 54 (Ala54Thr) in the fatty acid-binding protein 2 (FABP2) gene has been suggested to modify an interaction between dietary fat and insulin sensitivity. We examined the postprandial metabolic profiles after meals enriched with C18:1trans- relative to a similar meal with C18:1cis-fatty acid in individualswho were either FABP2 Ala54 homozygotes or Thr54 carriers.

Apolipoprotein A-II polymorphism and visceral adiposity in African-American and white women.

To determine the association between the -265 T to C substitution in the apolipoprotein A-II (APOA-II) gene and levels of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in a group of premenopausal African-American and white women, we genotyped 237 women (115 African-American and 122 white) for this polymorphism. Body composition was assessed by DXA, and VAT was determined from a single computed tomography scan. In addition to VAT, we examined the association between the polymorphism and other phenotypes (total body fat, total abdominal adipose tissue, and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue).

Association of the intestinal fatty acid binding protein Ala54Thr polymorphism and abdominal adipose tissue in African-American and Caucasian women

Genetic variants in the intestinal fatty acid-binding protein-2 (FABP2) gene have been associated with body composition phenotypes. We examined the association between the Ala(54)Thr variant in the FABP2 gene and levels of visceral (VAT) and sc (SAAT) abdominal fat in a group of 223 premenopausal African-American (n = 103) and Caucasian (n = 120) women.