Objective: To examine whether low maternal dietary intake of vitamin C and low maternal plasma ascorbic acid (AA) concentrations are associated with an increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods: Cases were 67 women with GDM...
  BACKGROUND: Insurance coverage of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is expanding. However, to the authors' knowledge, little is know concerning CAM utilization among cancer patients under the insurance model of financing. In this study...
Objective: We examined relationships of eating patterns and reported energy intake (rEI) with BMI percentile in U.S. children. Research Methods & Procedures: Two 24-hour dietary recalls from the Continuing Surveys of Food Intakes by Individuals...
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether Echinacea purpurea given to children for the treatment of acute upper respiratory tract infection (URI) was effective in reducing the risk of subsequent URI. Design: This was a secondary...
Body composition exhibits marked variations across the early human lifetime. The precise physiological mechanisms that drive such developmental adaptations are difficult to establish. This clinical challenge reflects an array of potentially...
The objective of this study was to determine whether vitamin supplementation during long-term (36 wk) ingestion of olestra supplemented with vitamin E could prevent decreases in vitamin E, vitamin A, and carotenoids. This was a 36-wk study of 37...
Background: Low body mass index (BMI) and micronutrient deficiencies are associated with increased morbidity and mortality rates in old age. Whether adverse patterns of dietary variety predict both low BMI and low micronutrient intakes in older...
  OBJECTIVES: Previous electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiments have suggested thatcorrelated neural signals may be detected in the brains of individuals who are physically and sensorily isolated from...
Trans-fatty acids have been implicated as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. In addition, a polymorphism at codon 54 (Ala54Thr) in the fatty acid-binding protein 2 (FABP2) gene has been suggested to modify an interaction between...