Research

A twin study of the effects of energy density and palatability on energy intake of individual foods.

The relative effects of energy density and palatability on energy intake, and whether there are familial influences on these effects, are not known. We investigated this issue in 7 pairs of healthy, male monozygotic twins (mean+/-SD age 26.3+/-8.6 years, BMI 23.7+/-3.2 kg/m(2)) in a clinical study involving covert ad libitum feeding of high-fat (HF, approximately 40%) and low-fat (LF, approximately 20%) diets in two 9-day phases. Diets were matched for average energy density, protein, fiber, and initial reported taste pleasantness, but these factors varied among the individual foods.

Evaluating CAM treatment at the end of life: a review of clinical trials for massage and meditation

Of 27 clinical trials testing massage or mind-body interventions, 26 showed significant improvements in symptoms such as anxiety, emotional distress, comfort, nausea and pain. However, results were often inconsistent across studies and there were variations in methodology, so it was difficult to judge the clinical significance of the results.

Eating patterns and dietary composition in relation to BMI in younger and older adults

While no one eating occasion contributes more than any other to excess adiposity, eating more often than three times a day may play a role in overweight and obesity in both younger and older persons. A reduced satiety response to dietary fiber in addition to lower energy expenditure may potentially further contribute to weight gain in older persons.

A Method for Describing and Evaluating Naturopathic Whole Practice

A set of meaningful, measurable treatment criteria based on the naturopathic practice principles were defined that could have generated the majority (82%-93%) of treatment prescriptions given at visits for these conditions. Several of the treatment criteria components are common across the 3 conditions studied, and might be appropriate for all visits to doctors of naturopathy (NDs).

Naturopathic Medicine and Type 2 Diabetes: A Retrospective Analysis from an Academic Clinic

Accurate descriptions of naturopathic medicine as a whole system of medical practice are rare in the literature and non-existent for type 2 diabetes.

METHODS:

Using retrospective analysis of medical records at an academic naturopathic outpatient clinic, data was abstracted to investigate patterns of patient status, details of treatment recommendations, and levels of evidence.

Algorithm in CAM Practice and Research in Type 2 Diabetes

Clinical algorithms can direct supplementation in clinical practice and provide research models for clinical investigation. Algorithms also provide a framework for integration of future evidence as it becomes available. Research funding to investigate potentially beneficial practices in complementary medicine is critically important for optimal patient care and safety.

Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism

Complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies are commonly used by parents for their children who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorders. The use of these therapies is well documented, yet the evidence of the safety and efficacy of these treatments in children is limited.

Breast cancer and the immune system

This article reviews the evidence that the functioning of both the innate and the adaptive immune system plays a role in preventing relapse in women with breast cancer. Lymphocytes, including T cells, T regulatory cells, and natural killer cells, and their cytokine release patterns are implicated in both primary prevention and recurrence of breast cancer. Cancer prognosis may be related to immune system functional status. The hypothesis that the immune system has a causal role in breast cancer etiology is supported by epidemiologic, preclinical, and clinical research.